Last updated on November 9, 2021 by:Mike @bitaboutbritain
We walked from Deal to Walmer Castle in the September sun. Infamous as the death site of the Duke of Wellington, Walmer Castle was one of Henry VIII's so-called "Equipment Forts", a network of batteries designed to protect England from a possible French invasion. Of course, we kept some of them, just in case. Completed in 1540, Walmer is similar in style to its larger neighbour,dil castro, although it was four-leaved in plan, and was once surrounded by a moat filled with sea water. Unlike the Deal, however, it's in a picturesque setting behind trees at the end of the road, which looks a bit romantic. If it looks less militarized than any self-respecting fortress, that's because most of the time it's a modest and comfortable home surrounded by rather nice gardens. Vollmer fought in one battle in 1648 when he was surrounded by parliamentary troops and captured after mortar bombardment. The big clashes that followed went undisturbed, though he continued to guard against enemies of the state after the sellout period. In fact, Walmer Castle was the seat of the War Office (predecessor of the Ministry of Defence) until 1904. However, from 1728 it was the official residence of the Governor of Cinque Ports.
five elements, of course, is French and means five. However, Brits often struggle with their own language, let alone another, so pronounce it "sink" with ports. The Cinque Terre is a group of southern coastal cities that formerly shared the responsibility of supplying fleets to defend the kingdom upon request. In return for this "ship service", various rights and freedoms are granted. Some believe that the roots of the agreement began when the Romans defended Britain from barbaric Germanic invaders on the Saxon coast. It's a good idea, but unlikely. The program's origins seem to date back to the 11th century, before the Conquest, and continued until the 16th century, when the need for a professional navy with dedicated warships and deep-water ports made shipping services obsolete. The five original Cinque Ports were Hastings, New Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich. Occasionally, the five major ports turned to neighboring communities, known as "ends," for additional resources. Rye and Winchelsea gained equality with the original five branches in the 14th century, but more than 30 more branches were added to them at various times. The Cinque Ports fleet last sailed in 1596 in response to the threat of Spanish invasion. The process of erosion and siltation meant that many old port towns, including New Romney, Sandwich and Rye, were no longer coastal cities in any way.
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is appointed by the Sovereign and has also been Sheriff of Dover Castle since 1267. Although now primarily a ceremonial role, historically the Lord Steward has held a very powerful position. However, the first custodian to leave his mark on Walmer Castle was Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, who made it his official residence in 1728 and The former residence of the castle's humble captain was modernized and extended. .The poor old captain was kicked out. The Duke also closed and developed what was formerly the Captain's Garden. Thus, Walmer Castle actually became a refuge by the sea. From 1792 to 1806, the Lord Keeper was William Pitt the Younger,Prime MinisterEngland 1783-1801 and 1804-1806. Pitt greatly enjoyed his frequent visits and worked with his niece, Lady Hester Stanhope (one of the most famous figures of her time), to develop the gardens into a small private park. This includes a second walled garden with cleared grass and shrubs in an old chalk pit known as 'the canyon'. The Pitt-Stanhope Gardens project was completed by the next superintendent, Robert Banks Jenkinson Lord Hawkesbury, who became the second Earl of Liverpool and then Prime Minister following the assassination of Spencer Percival in 1812. Mrs Hawkesbury called the garden a "playground", and it was. They still are.
Arthur Wellesley became the first Duke of Wellington in 1814 and was Warden from 1829 until his death at Walmer on 14 September 1852. A career in India and commander of British troops in the Peninsular War, with Portuguese and Spanish allies forcing Napoleon's troops back to France. His crowning military achievement was as commander of the Allied forces (British, German, and Dutch), alongside the Prussians, who eventually defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815. Then he went into politics and was another warden and prime minister. Wellington liked Vollmer. It is said to be his favorite home, where he spent late summer and fall, frequented by friends, family and various dignitaries. He even lent it to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert for a month in 1842. On the day he died, he wasn't feeling well, so he lay in bed -- a campaign bed he'd used for years. Afterwards he felt fine enough to sit in a chair. and died there, probably of a stroke, at the age of 83.
Wellington received a rare state funeral honor (other honorees include Nelson and Churchill). He is buried near Nelson at St Paul's Cathedral.
Walmer's charming interior is an elegant blend of Regency and Victorian styles, without the fuss that often accompanies the latter. I remember it being mostly blue. Too bad a personal photo was disappointing. I deny in this post any knowledge of it, but sue me for suggesting this place has been paid for by UK taxpayers for many years, myself included. I guess Wellington inevitably has some issues with the existence of this place, and the fact that one of the highlights of your trip is visiting the "death chamber" doesn't help. This is not a room that emits some kind of deadly invisible ray when you enter it, as you might imagine, but a place where great men die. It is presented as it was back in the day, complete with his campaign bed and chair, and many Wellington memorabilia. In an adjacent room is a pair of his famous boots and his death mask. The latter is morbidly charming, but dirty and abandoned. He is toothless, in stark contrast to the portrait of a strong, handsome, young man standing by.
"The last scene,
Thus ended this strange tale of adventure,
This is the second childish and simple oblivion.
No teeth, no eyes, no taste, nothing. "
Wellington hasn't really done much for Walmer other than increasing tourist numbers (which I think is important). Among his successors were three other British Prime Ministers - Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (1861–65), Robert Gascoigne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (1895-1903), Winston Churchill (1965-1941) Australian, Robert Menzies (1966-1978).
Several referees had an impact on Vollmer. Granville's powerful statesman, George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl of Granville, was Warden from 1865 to 1891 and actually chose to live there full-time with his family. During his tenure he improved the gardens and introduced many features including a cricket lawn, a central promenade (the 'Brodwalk') with borders and tall hedges, and a winding moat walk. He was briefly succeeded by William Henry Smith, a bookseller and newsagent who is said to have died (possibly by entering the death chamber) during or shortly after his first visit. However, it was WH Smith who initiated the Heirloom Deeds Act, whereby historic furniture and art collections were preserved at Walmer and displayed publicly. Good man; he was turning in his grave when he saw what his store had become.
William Lygon, 7th Earl of Beauchamp, was Warden from 1913 to 1934. Beauchamp, another leading statesman of his day, made Volmer a summer retreat for himself, his wife, and their seven children. His family loves it. He also improved the field. However, Beauchamp was gay, which was illegal at the time, and threw indecent parties in Walmer. He was eventually ousted by his brother-in-law, the Duke of Westminster, in what sounds like an extremely nasty move, as well as a political enemy. Hearing Beauchamp's words, George V is said to have said, "I thought these people killed themselves." Beauchamp died of cancer in exile in 1938. Writer Evelyn Waugh was a close friend of Beauchamp's son Hugh Lygon at Oxford. Hugh is widely credited with inspiring Waugh's Sebastian Fleet characterReturn to hometown, while the character of Lord Marchmain is based on Beauchamp himself. TV puts a struggling familycastle howardin Yorkshire.
From 1978 to 2002, the Guardian of Cinque Harbours was Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother. In 1997, to mark her 95th birthday, Penelope Hobhouse was commissioned to build a new Queen Mother's Garden in William Pitt's old walled garden. It turned out beautifully, and the Queen is said to have commented that she had received many gifts in that era, but never a garden. If you're stuck with ideas this Christmas, there might be inspiration.
So it's about Walmer Castle, its gardens and the keeper of the Cinque Terre. The rich stories behind the places and how they are connected in some way, like some great heritage networks, it never ceases to amaze and delight me. We could have spent more time on the property, especially admiring the kitchen garden where vegetables, which die fast outside of Waterford north, thrive in the warm and temperate south-east climate. If you want to know more,Visit the English Heritage website.For more information on Cinque Ports, click hereFive Ports Federation website.
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In 1997, UNESCO recognized Cinque Terre as a World Heritage site: “a remarkable cultural landscape created by human endeavor over a millennium in a rugged and dramatic natural environment. It represents the harmonious interaction between people and nature to produce a landscape of exceptional scenic quality”.Who lived in Walmer Castle? ›
Cared for by English Heritage, you can explore the castle, eight acres of magnificent gardens, woodland, and sea views. The interior of the castle tells the stories of many of its famous residents including William Pitt the Younger, the Duke of Wellington, WH Smith, Winston Churchill and the Queen Mother.Does anyone live in Walmer Castle? ›
Since the 18th century, Walmer has been the official residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.What is the meaning of Cinque Terre? ›
The Cinque Terre (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃiŋkwe ˈtɛrre]; Ligurian: Çinque Tære, meaning "Five Lands") is a coastal area within Liguria, in the northwest of Italy. It lies in the west of La Spezia Province, and comprises five villages: Monterosso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola, and Riomaggiore.Do they speak English in Cinque Terre? ›
Language. The official language spoken in Cinque Terre is Italian. However, given the wide popularity the region enjoys with the English and the German visitors, there are plenty of tourist venues where English and German are widely spoken.What happened in Cinque Terre Italy? ›
October 25, 2011 - this date will remain in the history of the Cinque Terre forever. That day, one of the most devastating floods fell upon the National Park. The damage amounts to millions and 13 people died.Is Walmer Castle part of English Heritage? ›
Walmer Castle and Gardens | English Heritage.What is Walmer famous for? ›
It is the official residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. Walmer has a long history of fishing, smuggling and rescuing sailors and in 1856 a lifeboat station was built on Walmer Green. Up to the present day 28 gallantry medals have been awarded to Walmer R.N.L.I. crews.Did the Queen Mother stay at Walmer Castle? ›
Her commitment to public duties and her popularity never faltered. The Queen Mother loved Walmer and came to stay for a short holiday in July of most years, often with one or more of the royal corgis. In 1997, Pitt's walled garden was re-made to mark her 95th birthday, and now forms the tranquil Queen Mother's Garden.Who owns the Walmer Castle? ›
|Open to the public||Yes|
The latest celebrity-owned London pub: David Beckham and Guy Ritchie buy The Walmer Castle in Notting Hill.Who is the present warden of the Cinque Ports? ›
The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is today an honorary but still prestigious position, formerly held by Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother - the present Lord Warden is Admiral Lord Boyce. The Official Residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is based at Walmer Castle.Who owns Cinque Terre? ›
Locally owned and operated by the Varchetta brothers, Salvio, Leo and Roberto bring together many generations of combined hospitality and restaurant experience to their latest venture, Cinque Terre Ristorante.Can you still walk Cinque Terre? ›
In 2022, the Cinque Terre hike is approximately 14 km. (8.6 miles) There are five portions of the Blue Trail that vary in difficulty. You can walk the entire route or hop on the train whenever you want.What is the oldest Cinque Terre town? ›
Manarola. The next town on from Riomaggiore is Manarola, thought to be the oldest of the Cinque Terre towns.Which is better Amalfi Coast or Cinque Terre? ›
If you want glamour, beaches, and easier travel between towns then the Amalfi Coast is perfect for you, whereas if you're looking to get more off the beaten track and explore some incredible coastline then Cinque Terre is your best choice.Is Cinque Terre super touristy? ›
How many tourists visit Cinque Terre per day? The villages of Monterosso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore are among the most famous tourist attractions and monuments in Italy. The villages receive around 7,000 tourists per day and in high season this can go up to 10,000.What is the prettiest town in Cinque? ›
Vernazza: Located to the north of the Cinque Terre, Vernazza is probably the most beautiful and picturesque fishing village of Cinque Terre, where its colourful houses hang above the sea level on rugged cliffs. It has a charming natural port and an old castle, built to protect the area from pirates.Is Cinque Terre too touristy? ›
At last review, the Cinque Terre sees close to 2.5 million visitors a year. That's 2.5 million people in these five small, teeny fishing villages with a population estimated at 2000. The tourist number is just a bit less than the population of my beloved former home of Denver, Colo.